In Dhyana , the meditator focuses his attention
on a single idea which flows in the mind
uninterruptedly like the flow of oil in a
continuous stream, when poured from a one vessel
to another. Here it may be emphasized that the
idea should be one only and not more than one.
The word meditation means the act of exercising
the mind contemplation and especially in
One meditates on a subject, when one focuses
one’s attention on it in this manner for
practicing Dhyana, the following preliminary
steps may be taken. These are common to all
forms of meditation.
1) Sit in any of the comfortable asana sit on a
four folded blanket or a
Small carpet specially made for such purpose.
Foam bed or any such soft material is not good
for this purpose. If a bed is used instead of a
floor, it should be a hard bed rather than a
2) Sit in a vertical erect position so that the
head, neck and torso remain perpendicular to the
ground level and the spine doesn’t sag or bend.
3) Close the eyes
4) Relax the body and the mind. The limbs and
muscles should be free from tensions and all
organs and tissues should be free from strain.
5) If you sit in Sukhasana, keep your hands on
your lap, placing the dorsal right hand on the
left palm or the dorsal left hand on the right
palm, both the palms facing upwards in both the Mudras.
6) It would be preferable to meditate in the
same place at the same time daily; This would
condition your mind favorably.
7) If you are a theist, sit before your favorite
deity in the meditation room. If you are an
atheist, you may still reserve a room for
meditation and this room may be calm, quiet and
aesthetically pleasing to the mind.